Article Details

Development and Conflict | Original Article

S. M. Sajid*, Khalid Mohammad Tabish, in Journal of National Development | Multidisciplinary Academic Research


Development is a very extensively used term. However, its meaning varies from person to person and context to context. For an ordinary individual, it means fulfillment of basic needs, well-being and the opportunity to progress in socio-economic sphere. For a developing state like India, it is the maximization of economy and acceleration in economic growth to meet international standards of development. This paper is an attempt to understand the ongoing development process in India (particularly after Structural Adjustment Programme of 1991) and its relevance and impact to an ordinary citizen. Indian economy has travelled a long distance on the path of development since independence and is recently been projected the fastest growing economies of the World in 2018 (World Bank). But along with the pace of growth and development, there has emerged challenges for the country, which questions its policy of development where economic growth has largely benefitted few, leaving aside the major section of population. The exclusion of large section of population from the benefit of development has widened the gap between the rich and poor, men and women, majority and minority communities, farming and business community, youth and elderly, as also across other such groups in the society. Development which has fared quite well on the macroeconomic indicators has resulted in discontent, anxiety, insecurity, marginalization and frustration among large population groups. This poses development as an agent of conflict rather than peace, stability and inclusiveness.