Journal of National Development (JND) and Contemporary Social Sciences (CSS)follow all ethical values to ensure scholarly integrity in an answerable manner, to uphold the trust of more than four decades in the research published for public advantage and enhancement of advances in research with policy implications.Plagiarism
JND and CSS are committed to publish original and unpublished material to maintain the integrity of the scientific record. The corresponding author must affirm that all of the other authors have read and approved of the manuscript. All articles submitted to JND/CSS are screened for plagiarism. If an article contains traces of plagiarism, JND/CSS will lead an investigation on the matter and will take further action depending on the type of plagiarism.Duplicate Submission/Publication
Authors must assure that the manuscript is not being considered for publication in whole or in part elsewhere. Processing on manuscripts found to have been published elsewhere or under review will be suspended and authors will suffer sanctions.Authorship
An author who contributes significantly to the formulation of problem under study, specify its research design & execution, analyzes and interprets the data systematically, participates in re-drafting, reviewing or revising the earlier findings on the topic is welcome to submit manuscript for publication in JND/CSS. If there are multiple authors in an article, one author should be designated as the Corresponding Author. A Corresponding Author assumes overall responsibility for the manuscript, providing significant contribution to the research effort, may not necessarily be the principal investigator or project leader. All co-authors of a publication are responsible for providing their consent to the Corresponding Author.Conflict of Interest
Public trust in the scientific process and the credibility of published articles depend in part on how transparently conflicts of interest are handled during the planning, implementation, writing, peer review, editing, and publication of scientific work. Many scholars, researchers and professionals may have potential conflicts of interest, that could have an effect on – or could be seen to – have an effect on their research. A Conflict of Interest exists when judgment regarding the research is influenced by factors such as financial gain or personal relationships. All authors are required to disclose any financial, personal or other associations that may influence or be perceived to influence, their work.